The concept of circularity has been a keystone of civilization. Ironically, the field of materials science and engineering has devoted much of its focus on the development of new materials and processes without much thought as to how these will be recovered and reused at end of life. Moreover, the design process for the manufacture of components has led to the production of many goods that cannot be repaired nor serviced. In this keynote presentation, we will review and assess the situation with data that reveals the severity of the problem. This will be followed with solution pathways and specific recommendations to change the paradigm for a sustainable future.